Swimming has been known sejah pre-historic era. From the pictures that come from the stone age of the caves known to the swimmers near Wadi Sora in the southwestern Egypt. In Japan, swimming is the ability to be possessed by the samurai. History records, the first pool match was held by Emperor Suigui in 36 BC.
Pool game that the title has been started in Europe around the year 1800 and mostly using breaststroke. Swimming freestyle first introduced by Arthur Trudgen. This force then began to be combined with style leg kick by Richard Cavill in 1902. In medieval times, pools are included in the seven skills that must be owned by the knights, including swimming with a gun.
Sports pool was first contested in modern Olympics 1896 in Athens, Greece. At these Olympics, only four numbers that are competed from the original plan of six numbers. Each of these is the 100 meters, 500 meters, 1,200 meters, free numbers, and 100 meters for sailors. Second Olympics held in Paris, France in 1900 and compare the 200 m, 1,000 m, 4,000 m, free number, 200 m breaststroke, and 200 m team numbers.
International Swimming Union (Federation Internationale de Natation de Amateur / FINA) was formed in 1908 originally set, butterfly style is a variation of breaststroke. This new style became a separate style in 1952. Women allowed to join the new pool match at the Olympic Games 1912 in Stockholm, the Netherlands.
Freestyle, which was then called the trudgen, introduced in 1973 by John Arthur Trudgen, imitate the original Americans. Swimming was part of the first modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896. In 1902 the trudgen updated by Richard Cavill, using the jolt shook. In 1908, the world swimming association, the International Amateur Swimming Federation (FINA / Federation Internationale de Natation de Amateur) is formed. Butterfly style first is a variation of breaststroke, until finally he was accepted as a separate style in 1952.
Modern Olympic Era after 1896
Olympic Games held in 1896 in Athens. Specific competition of men (see also swimming in the summer Olympics in 1896). Six games were planned, but only four actually held: 100 m, 500 m and 1200 m freestyle and 100 m for sailors. The first gold medal was won by Alfred Hajos of Hungary with a record time of 1:22:20 for the 100 m freestyle.
Hajos also won the match 1200 m, and unable to win it at 500 m, which was won by Paul Neumann of Australia. Another swimming competition of 100m for sailors included three Greek sailors in the Bay of Zea near Piraeus, starting with a boat oar. The winner was Ioannis Malokinis with a record time of two minutes and 20 seconds. 1500 m race was also held.
In 1897 Capt. Henry Sheffield makes cans rescuer or rescuer-cylinder, now known as aids rescuers in Baywatch. Edges make it glide faster on the water, although it can cause injury. The second Olympic Games held in Paris in 1900 featuring 200 m, 1000 m and 4000 m freestyle, 200 m backstroke, and 200 m race team (see also Swimming at the Summer Olympics in 1900).
There were two additional unusual swimming match (although it is quite common at the time), implementation constraints swimming in the Seine river (swimming with the flow), and the race swimming in the water. What style of 4000 m was won by John Arthur Jarvis with a record time of under one hour, the longest Olympic swimming perlombangan ever held. Backstroke was also introduced to the Olympic Games in Paris, as well as with water polo. Osborne Swimming Club from Manchester beat club teams from Belgium, France and Germany with very easily.
Trudgen style developed by teachers pool and English descent named Australian swimmer Richard (Fred, Frederick) Cabill. As Trudgen, he noticed the natives of the Solomons, using freestyle. But unlike Trudgen, he saw the kick fluttering, and studied it carefully. He uses this new surge wag of the breaststroke kick or cut from Trudgen.
He uses this movement in 1902 in the International Championship in England to create a new world record by swimming outside force that carried out by all the swimmers Trudgen at 100 yards with a record time of 0:58.4 (some sources say that it was his son in a record time 0 : 58.8). he taught this style to six children, each swimmer will be a championship.
Technique became known as freestyle Australia until 1950, when he shortened to just freestyle, technically known as front crawl. Olympic Games 1904 in St. Louis included races 50 yards, 100 yards, 220 yards, 440 yards, 880 yards and one mile freestyle, 100-yard backstroke and 440-yard breaststroke, and 4 * 50-yard freestyle relay (also see the summer Olympic swimming in 1904 .)
The contest is to distinguish between the breaststroke with the freestyle, so now there are two styles specified (breaststroke and backstroke) and freestyle, where most people swim with style Trudgen. It also describes the race for the long jump competition, where the distance without swimming, after jumping into the swimming pool is measured.
In 1907 the swimmer Annette Kellerman from Australia visited the United States as an "underwater ballerina", another version of the alignment of swimming, diving into glass tanks. He was arrested for exposing things that are not polite, in which bathing suit to show the arms, legs and neck.
Kellerman changed bathing into a long-sleeved shirt, pants that are longer, and the collar, while still maintaining the tight clothes that reveal body shape underneath. He later starred in several films, one about her personal life. In 1908, the world swimming association of the International Amateur Swimming Federation (FINA / Federation Internationale de Natation de Amateur) is formed.
Along with the development of outdoor sports, swimming increasingly popular. Growing pool of fans. In fact, often the children are taught swimming at a very early age.